Mumie (pronounced and known as Moomiyo)
Source: From Gordon Research Institute by Garry F. Gordon, MD, DO, MD(H)
Though Mumie has been used in folk medicine of different countries for almost two thousand years, there are still many legends regarding its mysterious origin. In Russia serious research has been conducted on Mumie since 1910. This research became even more intense during the past twenty years Government financing supported research that was conducted at major laboratories within the national science and medicine academies of the republics from Mumie’s origin (Middle Asia region of the former USSR (Kirgysia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan).
Health organizations aren’t the only groups interested in Mumie. In Russia and many of the former USSR republics, Mumie is considered a strategic material and is used extensively as a performance enhancer within the armed forces (Spetnaz and other elite fighting groups) to help prepare cosmonauts before and during space travel, and as an important part in the restoration programs of national and Olympic-level athletes. It was surprising to me that Mumie was unknown to American athletes until recently when it was introduced by a Russian/American company in 1991.
To locate the origin for the word Mumie, one would have to go back 2,500 years to the time of the ancient philosopher and scientist Aristotle. He proposed the first procedures for testing the compound as well as its initial preparation in grape juice, honey and milk. Mumie is often used by ordinary persons to treat bone fractures and strains of muscles and ligaments, stomach disorders, nervous and cardiovascular problems, the inflammation of joints, and impotence. It is a good bio-stimulator, serves to elevate the immune system and neuro-hormonal regulation, controls oxidation-reduction processes, and has a positive influence on mineral metabolism. The most recent survey of the practical applications of Mumie have come from Moscow through the efforts of Drs. A.A. Altamyshev and B.K. Kortshubelkov and supported by the Russian Committee of Cosmonautics. To date, several hundreds research investigations have been conducted on Mumie which clearly point to its mechanisms of action and its usefulness.
In sports, Mumie is prized for its significant tonic and anabolic effect on both physical and mental processes. According to many coaches and physicians inside the Russian national program, the Soviet government allocated a budget of five million rubles to the USSR State Sport Committee for research and application of Mumie as a natural anabolic for sport use in the preparation of athletes for the 1988 Olympic games in Seoul. Thanks to this research, plus much practical experience using Mumie in sport over the past several years, it is now well understood why the compound is highly beneficial to athletes.
An important role in the formation of Mumie is the climatic condition of the region from which it comes. Within this region are found many thousands of plants and herbs. For example, the Tajikistan republic is home to over 6,500 different plants, over half of which are not found anywhere else in the world. It is this great variety of highly bioactive material, combined with the proper climate (temperature, light and moisture), which contributes to the development of Mumie.
The general character of this region facilitated the formation of specific plant forms enriched in either oils, alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, chlorophyll, carotenes, flavonoids, cumarines, etc., each serving as a valuable raw material for the pharmaceutical and food industries. The diversity of plant materials causes a unique variability of animals in the region, and wild animals from this area differ biologically from animals of other parts of the world as characterized by a richer content of microelements and biologically active compounds in their organs and muscles.
While Mumie samples from different regions may appear to have the same color (dark brown to black), smell (sweet), and consistency (tar-like), their chemical composition, and thus their usefulness in medicine and sport, is often different. Thanks to many years of experience by researchers and athletes, it is well accepted that Mumie from the Tajikistan region is the most potent and useful for sportsmen. Collectors who then process the raw material into a final extract often harvest Mumie from the floor of mountain caves.
From the ceilings of the high mountain caves hang black icicles having the specific smell and bitter taste of Mumie. For this reason, Mumie has been referred to as “mountain tear,” “blood mountain,” and “balzam of rock.” It is the digest of the floras at the crest of the mountains under very special conditions, which produce the Mumie, which then drops to the base of the caves where it can be collected. Because this special digest accumulates no more than twice a year, Mumie is a rare find. A kilo of extract may require the collection of many raw kilograms over a period of one month.
Dr. Sergey Sarymsakov established the standard chemical makeup of Mumie at the Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Kirgizy Academy of Sciences. He reported the chemical composition to contain over 30 microelements, which yield 30 percent of its total weight, 10 metal oxides, 6 amino acids, steroids, B-complex vitamins, certain essential oils, carbon, fatty acids, and resin-like compounds. Plant and mineral residues and extractive substances in water are 24.97-30.3 percent.
Short-term cycles of use (10-12 days) are all that is necessary to reach the stimulating (restorative and anabolic) effect of Mumie in sport. These cycles are often repeated 3-4 times after a 15-20 day break. The effects include the activation of the anabolic processes on the cell molecular level in different organs and systems (blood, liver, myocardium, skeletal muscles, lymphatic system, central and peripheral nervous systems, skin and hair, and gastro-intestinal tract).
Mainly because of its growth-promoting ability, Mumie has become popular among Russian and other East European athletes. Mumie is commonly introduced during the periods of high intensity training and on into recovery. It is given at a dose of 150mg for 2-3 times daily. The first course is a half-hour before training (preloading). The second is a half to one hour after the workout (for short-term recovery). The third is taken one hour before bedtime (for long-term recovery and growth).
What’s the best way to use Mumie for maximum sport result? I recommend short cycles of Mumie for 7-10 days at a dosage of 300-600mg daily. The best period to use Mumie is during the last week of a hard training cycle and for about a week into recovery. This course can be repeated after a 2-3 week break. The result will commonly be a significant increase in recovery, a more efficient adaptation to training.
According to unpublished information (personal communications with Russian elite athletes, coaches, and sport scientists) such a pharmacology plan allows for an increase in the intensity of the training loads (volume and weight) within both micro and macro-cycles by 15-27 percent! This is a significant improvement at any level of sport. Furthermore, Mumie considerably facilitates the complete long-term overnight recovery as documented by the morning biochemical (creatinine and lactate concentration, lymphocyte and neutrophile ratio) and hormonal (testosterone to cortisol ratio, the norepinephrine to epinephrine ratio) blood and urine test.
Additional short courses of Mumie are also highly beneficial under circumstances of over training, and physical and emotional stress during both pre-competitive and competitive periods. One good example of successful use of Mumie was its application within the training and restorative plan of the 1992 Olympic champion in hammer throw, Andrey Abduvaliyev from Tadjikistan. Andrey is a native of Dushanbe, the capital of Tadjikistan and the home to the highest-quality Mumie in the world. His pharmacology program focused on Mumie as the major bioactive supplement.
There is one more aspect of the benefits application of Mumie to sport, which relates to its adaptogenic attributes. Like other adaptogens (Eleuthrococcus, Ranatarin, Ginseng, etc.), Mumie can be effective at preventing age-related hormone-dependent disorders and correspondingly should have been considered as a nutrient for noncompetitive athletes over the age of forty who still participate in fitness programs. An opinion exists (A. V. Blagovestshensky, Kologrivova, 1985) that the stimulating attributes of Mumie relate to the high content of dicarbonic acids (succinic, glutamic and aspartic). These bioactive instances appear in the final substance as a result of oxidative deamination of amino acids during the long-term conservation (formation) period of Mumie (V.A. Vib, 1981). The same mechanism is thought to be responsible for Mumie’s outstanding anti-inflammatory and healing effect. It’s very beneficial at reducing joint soreness of the knees, shoulders and elbows of heavy lifters.
In summary, Mumie continues to play an important growth-promoting and restorative role in the preparation of elite athletes in Russia and other former USSR republics. Bodybuilders, power lifters and others in the West have only recently received the benefits of Tadjikistan Mumie since its importation to the USA by the Russian/American company, Atletika. Mumie is recommended highly for any athlete of the intermediate or advanced level who pushes his or her workouts to the limits. Mumie is also very beneficial to athletes with joint and connective tissue stress.
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